WHY IS MACHU PICCHU ONE OF THE WONDERS?
Machu Picchu is a region of the former-Colombian Inca Empire, is located at 2430 meters above sea level. This place is located on the edge of the Urubamba Valley in Peru where the river Urubamba flows, Cusco is located 80 km northwest. This is most often referred as the lost city of Inca. Machu Picchu has become a symbol of the Empire.
The Inca started construction around 1430, but after 100 years of their victory over the Spanish Empire, Inkas left the place. Although it was known locally, even before that 1911 the world was unknown to it. Illuminated by American historian Hiram Bingham, it attracted international attention. Since then, Machu Picchu has become an important tourist attraction.
In 1981, Machu Picchu declared as Peruvian Historical Sanctuary and the UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983. The Spaniards did not destroy this place in addition to the conquest, hence the place is considered a holy place and cultural heritage.
Machu Picchu was built in traditional Indusili, a glazed dry-stone wall, which is special. The original buildings of this are the antiheroes, the sun’s temple, and the third room. All these places are located in the holy district of Machu Picchu, called archaeologists. In September 2007, according to a treaty between Peru and Yale University, Hiram Bingham is about to return to historical fossils taken in the twentieth century.
Machu Picchu is open year-round. October to April is the official rainy season, but it can rain at any time. And while peak season is July and August, you should always expect crowds. Sundays can be the most crowded, because that’s when people who live in the Cusco province are allowed into the site for free, in addition to the daily quota of 5,200 paying visitors.
How to get to the Machu Picchu?
The easiest way to get to from Cusco to Machu Picchu is to take the train to Aguas Calientes (the town located a few miles from the site). It’s a scenic 3.5-hour trip each way along tracks that run right along the Urubamba River in the Sacred Valley, with dramatic canyon walls on either side.
• The so-called Cusco train station is actually in the nearby town of Poroy. It’s a cheap taxi ride, but give yourself at least an hour to get from central Cusco to the train station. Traffic in Cusco can be brutal and seemingly never-ending road work makes things even more congested.
• There are three train companies to choose from Inca Rail, Peru Rail, and the Belmond Hiram Bingham train. The Hiram Bingham service is on a gorgeous train gleaming with brass and polished wood and includes a white tablecloth meal with wine during your journey. It’s also much more expensive than Inca Rail or Peru Rail, both of which offer comfortable passage on different types of trains—including ones designed with extra windows for an additional fee.