DISCOVERING THE COLCA VALLEY
The Colca canyon is one of the most important tourist attractions of the southern region of Peru, from many parts of the world many tourists arrive daily to appreciate its depth, its imposing natural beauty and its cultural riches. Its name derives from the word “Ccollca”, which in ancient times were deposits built by the Incas, in those places were stored and preserved large quantities of grains of food products mainly corn. The first news about the Valley and Colca Canyon, dating back to the 1920s, aviators Robert Shipee and George Johnson fly over the area and find a valley are numerous villages on its banks and called it “Unknown Valley of the Incas” , That reason to make a new expedition the following year. At that time the first measurements were made, and it was found that this canyon was up to twice as deep as the Colorado Canyon, considered until then as the deepest of the World. This event caused a Bustle in the United States, the News was published in the National Geographic Society Magazine in January of 1937. Years later exactly in 1975, on the occasion of the execution of the project Majes irrigation, roads are constructed to arrive at the zone since Arequipa and that they communicate to the towns of the left margin of the river Colca until arriving at the pampas of Majes. For this reason the Colca is visited by numerous foreigners including many scientists, who divulge the scientific and tourist importance of the area. Then, in 1981, a Polish expedition carried out a feat of sailing the Colca River for 33 days, making a journey of more than 100 km of wild and tortuous river, in which they discover the most remote depths of the Canyon, Great waterfalls, narrow passages and paradisiacal terraces. In those years with devices of little precision estimate a depth of 3,250 m. Of depth, and this is how the Colca becomes definitely known all over the world.
The city was founded on August 15, 1540, under the name of “Villa Hermosa of Our Lady of the Assumption” in the name of the Marquis Don Francisco Pizarro and on September 22, 1541, the monarch Charles V in Royal Decree orders that the Call “City of Arequipa”. In the viceregal period it acquired importance due to its outstanding economic role, and it is characterized by the fidelity towards the Spanish Crown, receiving titles like “Very Noble and Very Loyal” and the one of “Fidelísima” on the part of the crown. In the Republican history of Peru, the city takes on more prominence in the political field, being the focus of popular, civic and democratic rebellions, and has also been the cradle of outstanding intellectual, political and religious figures of the country. In the republican era he was awarded the title of “Heroic city of the free of Arequipa”. Its historical center extends over an area of 332 hectares and was declared by Unesco as “Cultural Heritage of Humanity”, the historical and monumental heritage that it houses and its diverse scenic and cultural spaces make it a receiving city of national and international tourism , In its historical center it emphasizes the viceregal and republican religious architecture product of mixture of European and autochthonous characteristics, that constituted to a own stylistic school denominated “School Arequipeña” of crucial importance in the whole region and whose influence reached until Potosí (Bolivia).
KNOWING THE SOUTH OF PERU
The southern part of Peru, famous for its world-renowned tourist attractions, hides attractions of singular beauty that are gradually being put into value for the admiration of domestic and foreign travelers. This area is the most visited by travelers who do not hesitate to visit Cusco, the imposing Machupicchu, enter the jungles of Madre de Dios, explore the coast of Ica or admire the majestic flight of the Condor. And here, you can find magnificent vestiges of the past, an unmistakable cultural profile, a thousand ways to experience adventure, a privileged gastronomy and a varied folklore. Complemented with the north and center, they form Peru, a country of contrasts and great natural, cultural and human wealth.0